However, it is uncertain whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans.  The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) and the College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University are two well-known centres for engineering education in the city.  Telecom giants Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have research and development facilities in Chennai. The Madras High Court, is the highest judicial authority in the state, whose jurisdiction extends across Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.  It was derived from the name of a Telugu ruler, Damarla Mudirasa Chennappa Nayakudu, father of Damarla Venkatapathy Nayak, a Nayak ruler who served as a general under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire from whom the British acquired the town in 1639.  This works to 2.1 beds per 1,000 population against the national average of less than one bed per 1,000 population and the World Health Organization's norms of three beds per 1,000 persons, higher than any other city in the country. As of 2012[update], the city is India's second-largest exporter of information technology (IT) and business process outsourcing (BPO) services. When did organ music become associated with baseball?  A few schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) board or the Montessori system. The Phase 2 was subsequently approved in late 2018, with certain provisos, and soil testing for the various stations are in full swing with construction set to begin in late 2019/ early 2020.  Tamil and English are the primary medium of instruction, though some schools also use Telugu and Urdu as medium of instruction in their schools. FOR ADMISSIONS  Major hospitals in Chennai include Apollo Hospitals, Apollo Speciality Hospital, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chettinad Health City, MIOT Hospitals, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Fortis Malar Hospital, Lifeline Hospitals, Vasan Healthcare, Dr Mehta Hospitals, Global Hospitals & Health City, Sankara Nethralaya and Vijaya Medical & Educational Trust. , The Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO), which is the office of the field officers in charge of immigration and registration activities in the city, is located at Shastri Bhavan at Haddows Road.. The crust has granite rocks indicating volcanic activities in the past.  According to 2011 census, the city had a population of 4,646,732, within the area administered by the Municipal Corporation; that had 11 lakh households, with 51% of them living in rented houses. About 75,000 birds migrate to Chennai every year.  Chennai contributes more than 50 percent of India's leather exports.  As of 2017, the total volume of water harvested was 339 mcft and groundwater recharge was 170 mcft.. ancient, ancestral, inherited)..  The University of Madras, founded in 1857, is one of India's first three modern universities. From the 1930s onwards, many buildings in George Town were built in this style, including the United India building (presently housing LIC) and the Burma Shell building (presently the Chennai House), both built in the 1930s, and the Dare House, built in 1940. As per the religious census of 2011, Chennai's population was 80.73% Hindu, 9.45% Muslim, 7.72% Christian, 1.11% Jain, 0.06% Sikh, 0.06% Buddhist, <0.04% followed other religions and 0.83% followed no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. Avit (Russian: ÐÐ²Ð¸ÌÑ) is a Russian male first name.  Colleges for science, arts, and commerce degrees are typically affiliated with the University of Madras, which has six campuses in the city.  As of 2012[update], the city had 21 luxury hotels in the five-star category, with over 4,500 rooms in the inventory. In 1930, for the first time in India, Madras University introduced a course of music, as part of the Bachelor of Arts curriculum. What is the conflict of the short story sinigang by marby villaceran?  National Geographic mentioned Chennai as the only South Asian city to feature in its 2015 "Top 10 food cities" list. English 6 203 000+ articles. , As of 2019, 712,000 families live below poverty line, which is about 40 percent of the 1.788 million families in the city. Chennai outer ring road is 62.3 km long connecting NH 45 (GST Road) at Perungalathur, NH 4 (GWT Road) at Nazarathpet, NH 205 (CTH Road) at Nemilicherry (Thiruninravur), NH 5 (GNT Road) at Nallur and TPP road at Minjur under the process by Chennai Metropolitan Area. MeÄutim, uskoro je doznao da ga senatori Å¾ele smaknuti te je pobjegao prema rodnoj Galji, no putem je â¦ , In a 2013 survey titled 'Emerging trends in real estate in Asia Pacific 2014', Chennai emerged in the top 25 real estate destinations list in the Asia Pacific region. In 1921, the three Presidency banks merged to form the Imperial Bank of India, which later became the State Bank of India in 1955. , In 1746, Fort St. George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who plundered the town and its outlying villages. Chennai 600028 is a 2007 Tamil-language sports comedy film written and directed by Venkat Prabhu, in his directorial debut of the film stars Jai, Shiva, Premji, Aravind Akash, Nithin Sathya and newcomers Ajay Raj, Ranjith, Vijay Vasanth, Prasanna, Inigo Prabakaran, Karthik and Arun in the lead along with Vijayalakshmi, daughter of â¦ The list includes highly rated luxury hotels, skyscraper rated buildings, and historic hotels. The public school system is managed by the Chennai Corporation with an enrollment of 142,387 students in over 330 schools. The Institute offers a Plethora of Engineering Courses, B. Arch Management Course as well Get a Head Start to the Best in the Industry Experiential Learning Cricket is the most popular sport in Chennai. Avitus gave his name to the â¦ Next to the church, an abbey has been erected to honour the hermit Avitus, who died in 570.  In the First World War as Red Cross Commissioner in Mesopotamia, he looked after the welfare of Indian soldiers. There are many private bus companies.  The horticulture department-owned Semmozhi Poonga is a 20-acre downtown botanical garden. , Chennai, along with Bengaluru, Mumbai and Delhi, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities.  Madras Crocodile Bank Trust is a reptile zoo located 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of the city covering an area of 8.5 acres (3.4 ha) and had over 450,000 visitors in 2007. The city is expanding quickly along the Old Mahabalipuram Road and the Grand Southern Trunk Road (GST Road) in the south and towards Ambattur, Koyambedu and Sriperumbdur in the west. In December 2016, Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) announced the Phase-2 of Chennai Metro for a length of 104 km consisting of 104 stations, subject to approval from the State and Central governments.  The city, along with the suburbs, has 33 operating fire stations. Urbanization has led to shrinkage of water bodies and wetlands. , With the history of many neighbourhoods of the city such as Mylapore, Triplicane, and Tiruvanmiyur antedating that of the city, the architecture of Chennai ranges in a wide chronology.  The civic body also spends ₹ 400 crore a year on solid-waste management. Volume 20 – Issue 14, 5 to 18 July 2003.  The Local weekly Newspapers circulated to residents are T. Nagar Times, Pillar Times, Arcot Road Talk, Chrompet Times. The city has more than 12,500 beds in its hospitals, including about 5,000 in multi-specialty hospitals in the private sector and over 6,000 beds in the public sector.  The season between October and December is referred as the NE monsoon period. According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement.  Being home to the Indian Premier League (IPL) cricket team Chennai Super Kings, the city hosted the finals of the IPL's 2011 and 2012 series.. lost 41% shoreline to erosion: study", "Disaster body for panel to monitor highrises in Chennai", "Rare grey headed Lapwings spotted at Pallikaranai marsh", "Wildlife centre at Vandalur zoo replaces safari", "Indigenous flora in city wetlands under threat", "Muck in Chennai rivers to turn into manure", "More citizens initiative for restoring water bodies", "Water security mission to watch out for city's needs", "Hot spell may continue for some more weeks in the State", "Ever Recorded Maximum Temperature, Minimum Temperature and 24 Hours Heaviest Rainfall up to 2010", "Indian Meteorological Department, Chennai Regional Website", "Entering 2006, city's reservoirs filled to the brim", "Station: Chennai (Nungambakkam) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "NE monsoon sets in, brings in copious rains", "A Rs. English is spoken largely by white-collar workers, often mixed into Tamil.  Prevailing winds in Chennai are usually southwesterly between April and October and north-easterly during the rest of the year. The larger suburbs are governed by town municipalities and the smaller ones are governed by town councils called panchayats. The new building, with a stunning façade, was built of pink sandstone brought from Sathyavedu, and formed part of the Madras Museum campus. Saint-Avit-Saint-Nazaire este o comunÄ în departamentul Gironde din sud-vestul FranÈei. Several lakes of varying size are located on the western fringes of the city.  As of 2018, the city topped in broadband speed among Indian cities, with a recorded download speed of 32.67 Mbit/s. Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore, Chennai Beach and Tambaram.  The city boasts two popular beaches, the Marina and Elliot's. Chennai Port is the largest in the Bay of Bengal, with an annual cargo tonnage of 6.146 crore (2010–2011), and the second-largest container-hub in India, with an annual container volume of 15.23 lakh TEUs (2010–2011). Home to the Tamil film industry, Chennai is also known as a major film production centre. , Newspaper publishing started in Chennai with the launch of a weekly, The Madras Courier, in 1785. Hume, the idea was originally conceived in a private meeting of 17 men after a Theosophical Convention held in the city in December 1884.  In 2011, Chennai was ranked the 41st most visited city, with 3,174,500 tourists, a 14-percent increase from 2010.  A Vijayanagar-era inscription dated to the year 1367 that mentions the port of Mādarasanpattanam, along with other small ports on the east coast, was discovered in 2015 and it was theorised that the aforementioned port is the fishing port of Royapuram. , In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison.  Owing to the geotectonic zone the city falls in, the city is considered a potential geothermal energy site.  The Tamil film industry and the Tamil television industry are also significant parts of Chennai's economy. Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi are the major Malayalam dailies while major Telugu dailies include Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi and Sakshi. Chennai has been featured in UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) list since October 2017 for its century-old musical tradition. In the suburbs of Chennai located in Tiruvallur and Kancheepuram districts, the figures of vacant houses 56,000 and 71,000, respectively. A település népessége â¦ As of March 2019, the entire Phase 1 stretching from Chennai Central to Alandur on the Green line and Washermanpet to Chennai International Airport on Blue line are commercially operational, bringing the total operational network over 45 km. The Benefits of Empire, Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBook, Notes on the Administration of Sir Arthur Lawley, Governor of Madras, 1906–1911.  It is known as the Cultural Capital of South India and is the third-most visited city in India by international tourists according to Euromonitor. South Indian Welfare Association, one of the earliest regional parties, was founded in 1916, which later came to be known as the Justice Party, which was the main opposition party to the Indian National Congress in the state. The government-aided hospitals include General Hospital, Adyar Cancer Institute, TB Sanatorium, and National Institute of Siddha. , An arts festival called the Chennai Sangamam, which showcases not only various art of Tamil Nadu, but also from the neighbouring states, like kalari (from Kerala), which is a major attraction, is held in January every year.  First Telugu journal printed from Madras was Satya Doota in 1835 and Andhra Patrika found in 1908 was the most successful Telugu newspaper from Madras.  Chennai is an important gold market in India contributing to 45 percent of the 800-tonne annual national gold uptake.  Major software companies have their offices set up here, with some of them making Chennai their largest base. Madras Boat Club (founded in 1846) and the Royal Madras Yacht Club (founded by Sir Francis Spring in 1911) promote the sailing sports in Chennai, and organise national and international sailing events. All Rights Reserved. The name, avid hotels, was announced 3 months later in September 2017. , Chennai, as the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu, houses the state executive and legislative headquarters primarily in the Secretariat Buildings in the Fort St George campus. A fifth terminal has been proposed to decongest Chennai Central.  The Chennai office handles corporate financial, accounting, administrative and IT services of the bank, in addition to several value-added operations of the bank that were earlier handled only in its Washington, DC office, including the bank's analytical work in bond valuation which is estimated to be US$100 billion.  The city receives 530 million liters per day (mld) of water from Krishna River through Telugu Ganga project, 180 mld of water from the Veeranam lake project and 100 mld of water from the Minjur desalination plant, the country's largest sea water desalination plant.  It hosted the Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet in 2019 which was a business summit organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu.  The city's sewer system was designed in 1910, with some modifications in 1958. AVIT is top Engineering Colleges in Chennai, Tamil Nadu offers UG, PG Research engineering programs Find more details about placement, admission, cut off, eligibility, etc Admission Open 2020 As per the guidelines from the University, the Final year classes will re-open from 7th December 2020 onwards at AVIT campus.  The Ennore Port with an annual cargo tonnage of 1.101 crore (2010–2011), handles coal, ore and other bulk and rock mineral products. In these areas, rainwater runoff percolates quickly through the soil. Mary.. , Many software and software services companies have development centres in Chennai, which contributed 14 percent of India's total software exports of ₹ 14,42,140 lakh during 2006–07, making it the second largest Indian city software exporter following Bangalore. The DMK decided to enter into politics in 1956. It has given AVERAGE 91% placement.  It was introduced in 1864 with the foundation of the Madras Cricket Club.  The one and only Hindi Newspaper published from Chennai is the Rajasthan Patrika. After Independence, the city witnessed a rise in the Modernism style of architecture.  Gothic revival style buildings include the Chennai Central and Chennai Egmore railway stations. Stone age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. , Tamils form the majority of Chennai's population.  The city's limits were expanded later in 2011 and its population reached 7,088,000 with Chennai Municipal Corporation being renamed as Greater Chennai Corporation. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.  The M.A. Chennai hosts the headquarters of the Southern Railway. Chemplast Cricket Ground located at the IIT Madras campus is another important venue for cricket matches.  Automobile racing in India has been closely connected with Chennai since its beginnings shortly after independence. Guindy National Park is a protected area within the city limits.  Chennai has the fifth-largest urban economy of India. , As of 2014[update], the city consumes around 3.83 crore units of power a day or 1,400 crore units annually. Chennai is the birthplace of the idea of the Indian National Congress, commonly known as the Congress Party. +/-Saint-Avit-Rivière Bouillac, Saint-Pardoux-et-Vielvic, Pays-de-Belvès, Saint-Marcory, Saint-Romain-de-Monpazier és Montferrand-du-Périgord községekkel határos.Népesség. James Talboys Wheeler, India Under British Rule; From the Foundation of the East India Company, TheClassics.us (12 September 2013), Sir Arthur Lawley, Eloquent Knight Errant, Chapter 6. It handled about 15.2 million passengers in 2013–2014; in terms of international passengers, Chennai is the third-busiest airport behind Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi, and Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai. India's National Magazine from publishers of the Hindu. How do you put grass into a personification?  On 22 August, he secured the land grant from local Nayak (Damarla Venkatadri Nayaka and his younger brother Aiyappa Nayaka of Poonamallee). , The Pallavas of Kanchi built the areas of Mahabalipuram and Pallavaram during the reign of Mahendravarman I. This video is unavailable.  From the 1st–12th century the region of present Tamil Nadu and parts of South India was ruled by the Cholas. RóÅ¼ne jego czÄÅci zbrojne byÅy zardzewiaÅe lub zniszczone, wtedy zaczÄ Å szukaÄ zapasowych na â¦ The city together with the adjoining regions constitutes the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world.  English plays are popular in the city, along with the more common Tamil-language plays. , The Chennai City region has 568 post offices, of which nearly 460 operate from rented premises.  Environmentalist Foundation of India is a volunteering group working towards wildlife conservation and habitat restoration.  It features performances of traditional Carnatic music by many artists in and around the city.  The most dominant tree species is the copper pod, followed by Indian beech and Neem.  The main folk music in Chennai is Gaana, a combination of various folk musics sung mainly sung in the working-class area of North Chennai. Was born in Chennai comes from business travellers state and the administrative control lies with the common., north of Fort St George species in the majority of institutions higher... Two art festivals annually go zaczynaÅy doprowadzaÄ do szaÅu, wiÄc wymyÅliÅ plan z. 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